Sometimes file types can be confusing, especially image file types because there are so many of them and they all have their own properties and capacity of holding data. There are also are also categories in which graphics can be placed in, depending on what properties they hold as well.
All image file types, .jpg and .bmp are good examples, are place in a category called Raster Graphics. A graphic that is rasterized is generally limited in its pixel amount, which means if someone were to zoom in on the graphic or stretch the graphic to a bigger size they would be able to easily see each pixel in that particular graphic.
Vector Graphics is another category in which images fall, however file types limited to specific programs. The two file types that support a vector graphic is .ai (used in Adobe Illustrator) and .eps (used in programs such as Adobe Illustrator and Corel Draw). A graphic that is vectorized is NOT limited in pixel size, which means if someone were to zoom in on the graphic or stretch the graphic to a bigger size they would not be able to see any pixels and that particular graphic will stay smooth. These file types make editing graphics very simple. Vector Graphics are generally used by graphic designers to create and edit graphics and then exported into the two most popular raster graphics which are .jpg and .png.
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